Organic Farming in Poland as Example of Organic Farming in CEE Countries - from farm to plate", 25-29 July 2005, Warsaw and Culavia - Pomerania,
ENAOS 2005 - 4th ENAOS Summer Meeting

organised within the framework of the Avalon Network Project financed by

European Commision
Warsaw Agricultural University,
Faculty of Human Nutricion and Consumer Science,
Faculty of Agriculture and Biology
Dutch National Postcode Lottery Ministry of National Education And Sport
Chosen papers on organic farming

Multifunctionality of organic farming farming in Slovak Republic

Kristýna Macenková
Slovak Agriculture University in Nitra, Department of sustainable agriculture and herbology

Organic agriculture has been promoted in the expectation that the adverse effects on the environment are not as great as with conventional farming. A conversion to organic agriculture can be implemented using different strategies.

An organic way of agriculture started to develop in Slovakia in 1991 and farming system was at first coordinated according to Rules of organic farming, comming out of principles of IFOAM.
Change in legal services of organic farming occured in 1998 after an act on organic farming and production of bio- food was adopted ( no. 224/1998 ).

Traditionally, agriculture is seen as a means of production. Its value is assessed in terms of the value of farm products. However, there is a growing realization that agriculture has a greater value than this. It has multiple functions and provides many benefits, often referred to as "externalities". These include food security, environmental protection, and the maintenance of rural traditions and communities.

In the Slovak Republic in rural development are common issues and development possibilities. In rural settlements we can find out strong rural areas with a high potential for recreational activities and high potential of human resources with good educational level. On the other hand there is a lack of local employment opportunities. Many of jobs in the primary sector have been lost and the same is happening in the secondary sector. It is very necessary to start with the local business activities, connected with the rural development plan. To elaborate the plan of development is one of the assumptions for social and economic development in rural environment. This plan involves many measures; one of them should be agriculture enterprised as a development of tourism potential with activities as eco-tourism and rural-tourism development and social infrastructure improvement.
The basic idea behind multifunctionality is that agricultural production provides not only food and fibre but also different non-market commodities, with charecteristics of externalities or public goods. In the broadest definition these non-market commodities or elements of multifunctional agriculture are: the impacts of agriculture on environmental state of rural areas, rural landscape, biodiversity and close to farm land, agriculture contribution on socio- economic viability of countryside and rural employement, food safety, national food security, animal welfare of production animals with cultural and historical heritage.

In Slovakia multifunctionality of organic farming is represented by producing stuffs for dying, making healthy pillows from Titicum spelta brans and many other stuffs. Agrotourism is the most favourite one. In Slovakia protected area landscapes including farmland experience land abandonment. In this context, small-scale agriculture can become economically viable if quality products could be marketed and income is supplemented by tourism activities, especially in areas rich of biodiversity and history

The symbiotic relationship between tourism and agriculture that can be found in agrotourism (i.e. holidays on farmland) is a key element of an environmentally and socially responsible tourism in rural areas. Rural hospitality offers new employment and income generating opportunities for rural populations, including agrotourism as expression and cultural exchange of agricultural practices, artistic heritage and craftsmanship and culinary traditions. Agrotourism may take several forms: holiday farms, farmhouse bed-and-breakfast, farm camping, mountain resorts, equestrian centres and other forms of rural accommodations. Such facilities are an innovative payment system for environmental services generated on and around agricultural lands. When farms are organically-managed, they increase the motivation for tourists' visits. New tourist expectations have enhanced the quality of the supply such as diversified farm landscape, environmentally-sound farm-house architecture and local/typical gastronomy.


  1. Ekologické poľnohospodárstvo na Slovensku : Zborník z odborného seminára : Nitra 28.-30.10.1997 : Rakovo-Lehôtka 19.-20.11.1997 / Zost. Juraj Čuboň, Kamil Slíž, Dušan Janovíček, Miriam Kostelná. Nitra : AGROTÁR, 1998. 61 s. : ISBN 80-967538-3-5
  2. Lacko - Bartošová, M. a kol.: Ekologické poľnohospodárstvo, vyd EKO, Nitra, 1995, 173 s. Lacko - Bartošová, M. a kol.: Organické poľnohospodárstvo, VŠP Nitra, 1993, 121 s.
  3. Lacko - Bartošová, M. a kol.: Ekologické poľnohospodárstvo, EKO, Nitra, 1995, 173 s.



ENOAS Summer Meeting IV: Introduction | Organizers | List of participants | Meeting Plan | Lectures and presentation | Country presentation | Work groups | Excursions / Visits

Organizers; Warsaw Agricultural University (SGGW) | Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences | The Faculty of Agriculture and Biology | Education in organic farming at SGGW | Scientific Association of Agriculture Students - yesterday and today | Scientific Assiociation of Nutrition and Dietetics Students | ENOAS - European Network of Organic Agriculture Students - past, present and future | Avalon Foundation

Organic farming and market in Poland

Country presentations: COLOMBIA - General situation of organic agriculture in Colombia –organic food market in Colombia | HUNGARY - Situation of ecological agriculture in Hungary | ITALY - organic food market | SLOVAKIA – Ecological agriculture | FINLAND - Organic markets in Finland

Reports of visits: BIODYNAMIC FARM, Education Center of R.STEINER Foundation in Prądocin | ROLMIĘS | Bakery SŁODKA | FARM of THE KUJAWSKIS | FARM and MILL of THE BABALSKIS | BIOFOOD

Chosen papers on organic farming: Barriers of conversion into organic production | Barriers of conversion into organic farming | Barriers of conversion into organic farming  | Role of direct sale in organic farming  | Social aspects of organic farming  | Social aspects of organic farming  | Multifunctionality of organic farming in Slovak Republic  | Multifunctionality of organic farming | Multifunctionality of organic farming | Multifunctionality of organic farming  | Multifunctionality of organic farming

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