Organic Farming in Poland as Example of Organic Farming in CEE Countries - from farm to plate", 25-29 July 2005, Warsaw and Culavia - Pomerania,
ENAOS 2005 - 4th ENAOS Summer Meeting

organised within the framework of the Avalon Network Project financed by

European Commision
Warsaw Agricultural University,
Faculty of Human Nutricion and Consumer Science,
Faculty of Agriculture and Biology
Dutch National Postcode Lottery Ministry of National Education And Sport
Reports of visits


Andrzej Szeremeta


Wednesday afternoon we visited organic farm of The Babalskis. It is very special farm as it is one of the oldest organic farms in Poland (organic production started in 1985) and it is leaded by Mr Babalski who is the vicepresident of Association Ekoland and President of Brunch Kujawsko-Pomorskie of Association Ekoland. The association is the oldest organic farmers NGO in Poland. During many years at the bigining of organic farming development in Poland it was the most important association and the most important key actor on the political national scene. Nowadays, other associations of organic producers also start to develop and play important role in development of organic farming. The Babalski Mieczysław has very strong personality and he is a leader in surroundings. He also pushed other 7 farmers in his commune to organic production. However, Babalski is not active in the commune but also in province and whole country. He helped a lot in training of many other farmers in organic farming and helped in farm conversion.

The farm is quite small. Only 10 ha in six separate pieces: arable land cover 4,37 ha, pastures 2,42 ha, vagatale garden and orchard 1,2 ha. Two cows and calves are kept for better balance of production and for manure.

There is the mill and pasta processing plant on the farm. Mill processes the raw materials from the farm, and as the farm is not so big cereals is brought from almost all the country. Why is like this? Mainly due to quite high demand for fluor, especially spelt flour and not enough supply in surruondings. Produced flour is used on the farm in the pasta processing and sold to the organic bakery in Toruń. The mill produced next to the flour other products like: cereals flakes, groats and bran. Togheter with produced pasta all these products are sold by direct supply or through wholesales almost in every organic food shop in Poland. The pasta as the one of the first processed product is the most known organic food in Poland.

Pasta of the Babalskis is very special, because is produced:

  • from the flour milled on the farm,
  • of whole grain flour, with or with out herbs,
  • in small special Italian equipment suitable for production of whole grain pasta
  • in drier, which used hot air from solar panels located on the roof of the processing plant,
  • in different shapes,
  • from different cereals: popular wheat and less popular rye and spelt.

Additionally to organic food pillows and matrassess made of buckwheat hulls and spelt chaff are produced on the farm. They are really nice and comfortable, ecological and as we were told very healthy.

Babalski is very awere of biodiversity. We visited his orchard where many species and varieties of fruit trees were planted. Among them we have seen a lot of old verities of apples. He cooperates with scientists from the Botanical Garden in Powsin nearby Warsaw. Babalski has also own nursery-garden of fruit trees and he promote old varieties mostly among organic farmes all over Poland. Other his contribiution in biodiversity maintainance is his cooperation with Gene Bank in Radzików. He keeps the small plots of over 50 different varieties of wheat, spelt, rey, barley and oats. Every plot is sown by around 100 seed. It seems that is really small. It is, however it is adequate to renew and refresh the seeds of certain veriety. Gene Bank need to renew all seeds as seeds are getting old with time and there are loosing the rising and groth strength. Severals years ago, he started to multiply one variety of spelt. He started from less than 100 seeds and after few years, recently he has so many seeds, that he is selling them as sowing material for other organic farmers. It is something like Babalski is the father of ‘reborn’ spelt of this certain veriety. He continues multiplification of other spelt varieties.

Mieczysław Babalski
87-312 Pokrzydowo
Pokrzydowo 99
Phone: 0048 56 4985977
Fax: 0048 56 4985977



ENOAS Summer Meeting IV: Introduction | Organizers | List of participants | Meeting Plan | Lectures and presentation | Country presentation | Work groups | Excursions / Visits

Organizers; Warsaw Agricultural University (SGGW) | Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences | The Faculty of Agriculture and Biology | Education in organic farming at SGGW | Scientific Association of Agriculture Students - yesterday and today | Scientific Assiociation of Nutrition and Dietetics Students | ENOAS - European Network of Organic Agriculture Students - past, present and future | Avalon Foundation

Organic farming and market in Poland

Country presentations: COLOMBIA - General situation of organic agriculture in Colombia –organic food market in Colombia | HUNGARY - Situation of ecological agriculture in Hungary | ITALY - organic food market | SLOVAKIA – Ecological agriculture | FINLAND - Organic markets in Finland

Reports of visits: BIODYNAMIC FARM, Education Center of R.STEINER Foundation in Prądocin | ROLMIĘS | Bakery SŁODKA | FARM of THE KUJAWSKIS | FARM and MILL of THE BABALSKIS | BIOFOOD

Chosen papers on organic farming: Barriers of conversion into organic production | Barriers of conversion into organic farming | Barriers of conversion into organic farming  | Role of direct sale in organic farming  | Social aspects of organic farming  | Social aspects of organic farming  | Multifunctionality of organic farming in Slovak Republic  | Multifunctionality of organic farming | Multifunctionality of organic farming | Multifunctionality of organic farming  | Multifunctionality of organic farming

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