Organic Farming in Poland as Example of Organic Farming in CEE Countries - from farm to plate", 25-29 July 2005, Warsaw and Culavia - Pomerania,
ENAOS 2005 - 4th ENAOS Summer Meeting

organised within the framework of the Avalon Network Project financed by

European Commision
Warsaw Agricultural University,
Faculty of Human Nutricion and Consumer Science,
Faculty of Agriculture and Biology
Dutch National Postcode Lottery Ministry of National Education And Sport
Reports of visits


Mervyn Tucker and Andrzej Szeremeta

In the afternoon of 26th July the group visited owned by Ryszard Paisecki the bakery “Słodka” (what means ‘sweet’) in Toruń. The bakery was established in 1989 as conventional. Organic production started in 1993 and it was the first bakery in Poland producing organic breads. Recently it has already experience of organic bakery production for more than 10 years. The interest of bakery owner in organic production was raised by Babalski, who was looking for customers for his flours. Mr Piasecki received support of Ball Foundation which found oven. It helps to develop production.

The bakery produces only 30% organic products, production is limited due to small demand. As it leads production organic and non-organic great care of authenticity of organic products is taken. Both types of production are divided. As the place is the same the production type and time are factors which differentiate these two types of production. Organic production as whole grain breads is running twice a week. At this time no conventional production is running. Conventional “white breads” are produced every day but during the “Organic days” only very short time in the morning. 10 years ago the bakery started with one type of organic bread, nowadays it produces 5 types all whole grain: rye, rye/wheat, wheat, spelt and wheat buns. As it was mentioned bakery start organic production due to Mr Babalski pressure, so till now company buy raw materials from Babalski’s Mill.

Even the nearest competitors are more than 100 kilometers; the bakery has some difficulties to sell its organic products. The demand is quite low. The company produces around 1000 loafs of organic bread per week (including 100 spelt breads). Main market is Toruń; the city the bakery is located. Produces are not selling through general food stores, but only by specialized shop in organic, natural, healthy food. Next to bakery, there is the shop where consumers can buy “fresh, hot” organic and conventional production.

At the bakery and shop is working Owner of the bakery, his family and hired labour are working on the bakery: owner, his wife, two sons and 5 additional workers as well.

Prices of organic bread are around 50% higher than conventional. There is no non-organic spelt bread on the market so the prices premia could not be calculated. The price of spelt products are very high, for the example one 500g rye bread cost 1,4 PLN where spelt 500g bread costs 4PLN. (1 PLN ≈0,24 EURO) The most important reason for the high price of this bakery products is the quite high price of organic raw materials.

Webpage and leaflets are used as the main way of promotion and additionally mass media and press promote in general organic food and farming including products of this bakery. Rye and spelt bread are advertised as unusual and healthy products.

Technology of production is based on natural milk fermentation. That ensures the speciality of their breads among conventional products. Sometimes in winter the yeast are used when they have problems with keeping high temperature needed for natural fermentation. 650 grams raw dough goes to ½ kg bread. Due to natural fermentation, longer baking and content (whole grain flour) breads stay appropriate for consumption for 7 days. For baking are used steal forms spread by organic rape seed cold press oil. The problem of technology is using town water.

Ryszard Piasecki, Piekarnia Słodka
ul. Słodka 1/3
87-100 Toruń
phone: 00 48 56 6482985



ENOAS Summer Meeting IV: Introduction | Organizers | List of participants | Meeting Plan | Lectures and presentation | Country presentation | Work groups | Excursions / Visits

Organizers; Warsaw Agricultural University (SGGW) | Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences | The Faculty of Agriculture and Biology | Education in organic farming at SGGW | Scientific Association of Agriculture Students - yesterday and today | Scientific Assiociation of Nutrition and Dietetics Students | ENOAS - European Network of Organic Agriculture Students - past, present and future | Avalon Foundation

Organic farming and market in Poland

Country presentations: COLOMBIA - General situation of organic agriculture in Colombia –organic food market in Colombia | HUNGARY - Situation of ecological agriculture in Hungary | ITALY - organic food market | SLOVAKIA – Ecological agriculture | FINLAND - Organic markets in Finland

Reports of visits: BIODYNAMIC FARM, Education Center of R.STEINER Foundation in Prądocin | ROLMIĘS | Bakery SŁODKA | FARM of THE KUJAWSKIS | FARM and MILL of THE BABALSKIS | BIOFOOD

Chosen papers on organic farming: Barriers of conversion into organic production | Barriers of conversion into organic farming | Barriers of conversion into organic farming  | Role of direct sale in organic farming  | Social aspects of organic farming  | Social aspects of organic farming  | Multifunctionality of organic farming in Slovak Republic  | Multifunctionality of organic farming | Multifunctionality of organic farming | Multifunctionality of organic farming  | Multifunctionality of organic farming

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