Organic Farming in Poland as Example of Organic Farming in CEE Countries - from farm to plate", 25-29 July 2005, Warsaw and Culavia - Pomerania,
ENAOS 2005 - 4th ENAOS Summer Meeting

organised within the framework of the Avalon Network Project financed by

European Commision
Warsaw Agricultural University,
Faculty of Human Nutricion and Consumer Science,
Faculty of Agriculture and Biology
Dutch National Postcode Lottery Ministry of National Education And Sport
Country presentations

 

FINLAND - Organic markets in Finland

Hanna Tuomisto

At the moment there are 4 939 organic farms in Finland, which is 6,9 % of all farms in Finland. Organic land area is 168 521 hectares, which is 7,6 % of all fields in Finland.

The share of organic markets is about 1 % of total sales (in value) in Finland. Variation between different product groups is 0,5-4,0 % (flakes 6,2 %, flours 4,3 %, pasta 2,5 %, milk 2,6 %, eggs 4,8 %, vegetables 3,3 %). Organic sales decreased 5 % during 2003-2004. Only sales of organic eggs increased. Willingness to increase the share of organic has decreased among farmers, processors, retailers and catering sector.

Distribution of organic sales: 24 % vegetables, 17 % milk, 11 % bred, 7 % flours and flakes, 32 % other (coffee, tea, honey, processed food) and 9 % fruits.

Product

Share of total

Production %

Sold as organic

Milk

1,0

1,0

100

Beef

0,8

1,5

65

Sheep, goat

15,7

5,8

90

Pork

0,5

0,4

75

Broiler

0,1

0,0

34

Eggs

2,7

2,6

90

Table 13 Organic animal products:

4 % of consumers in Finland use organic products over 6 %, 16 % of consumers use 1,2-6 %, 40 % 0,5-1,2 % and 40 % of consumers don't use organic products at all. The most of the organic consumers live in the big cities. Over 90 % of organic food is sold in the supermarkets.

In Finland are two own organic labels: a formal sun label and an organic association's ladybird label. Ladybird label has stricter requirements and it is granted only to Finnish products. In Finland is also used the organic label of EU and Demeter label.

Sun label

Ladybird label

Consumer prices

Table 14 Consumer prices in Finland

Product

Organic product €/kg

Conventional product €/kg

Rye bred

4,11

3,25

Wheat flour

1,06

0,60

Ground meat (beef)

9,66

4,75

Cheese

12,48

10,09

Banana

2,56

1,62

Coffee

16,77

4,46

Milk

1,03

0,74

Eggs

5,67

2,19

Potato

0,70

0,59

Onion

2,39

1,73

Tomato

4,49

2,59

Problems

There are many problems in organic food marketing in Finland. The supply of the organic food doesn't meet the demand. On the other hand interest in organic products has decreased and the most important reason is too high prices. Supermarkets do not want to boost organic markets.

 

Start

ENOAS Summer Meeting IV: Introduction | Organizers | List of participants | Meeting Plan | Lectures and presentation | Country presentation | Work groups | Excursions / Visits

Organizers; Warsaw Agricultural University (SGGW) | Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences | The Faculty of Agriculture and Biology | Education in organic farming at SGGW | Scientific Association of Agriculture Students - yesterday and today | Scientific Assiociation of Nutrition and Dietetics Students | ENOAS - European Network of Organic Agriculture Students - past, present and future | Avalon Foundation

Organic farming and market in Poland

Country presentations: COLOMBIA - General situation of organic agriculture in Colombia –organic food market in Colombia | HUNGARY - Situation of ecological agriculture in Hungary | ITALY - organic food market | SLOVAKIA – Ecological agriculture | FINLAND - Organic markets in Finland

Reports of visits: BIODYNAMIC FARM, Education Center of R.STEINER Foundation in Prądocin | ROLMIĘS | Bakery SŁODKA | FARM of THE KUJAWSKIS | FARM and MILL of THE BABALSKIS | BIOFOOD

Chosen papers on organic farming: Barriers of conversion into organic production | Barriers of conversion into organic farming | Barriers of conversion into organic farming  | Role of direct sale in organic farming  | Social aspects of organic farming  | Social aspects of organic farming  | Multifunctionality of organic farming in Slovak Republic  | Multifunctionality of organic farming | Multifunctionality of organic farming | Multifunctionality of organic farming  | Multifunctionality of organic farming

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